Challenges in Honduras
- The overuse of natural resources such as forest, water, and soil is greatly exacerbating the food situation; Honduras has the highest worldwide deforestation rate.
- Crime is widespread in Honduras. With 40 murders per 100,000 inhabitants, the country has one of the highest murder rates in the world.
- The education situation is precarious: 10% of those over the age of 15 can neither read nor write.
- Rampant violence characterises large swathes of the country, and impunity prevails. Honduras has one of the highest murder rates in the world and the lowest human development index (HDI 2019: 0.623) in Latin America. More than 60% of the population lives in poverty.
- Due to its geographical location, Honduras is particularly exposed to the effects of climate change. In the rainy season, the country is excessively affected by hurricanes, tropical storms as well as floods, and is suffering increasingly from droughts in the dry season.
- The impact of climate change severely affects agriculture and thus also the food security of smallholder families. The effects are also felt in the mountain ecosystems, which play an important role in maintaining the ecological and water balance.
- A large proportion of the farming families in the project area live either in poverty or extreme poverty. This pressure leads them to continue clearing the forest for more cultivable land in order to secure their livelihoods. This overexploitation of the natural resources of the forests, water and soil is aggravating the food situation considerably.